Aquifer

Aquifer > Activities

Flecha Work Package 1. Innovative applications in aquifer monitorization
Activity 1.1 Analysis of innovative tools for the monitoring of groundwaters
  • Analysis of the State of the Art. Available innovative instruments for the surveillance of the groundwater, from a quantitative and qualitative perspective.
  • The clusters will facilitate data from their experienced partner companies regarding equipment for aquifer monitoring. This will include a general description of the material available in the market, the context of its adequate use, their data collection and interpretation, and the limitations of these tools.

Deliverable:

  • E1.1.1 - Innovative equipment for que aquifer monitoring catalog – Toolkit.
Activity 1.2 Implementation of monitoring systems for aquifers in real time
  • Real time and remote transmission equipment will be deployed in order to assess the piezometric levels (NP), temperature (T), electric conductivity (CE) and nitrates (NO3) in groundwaters.
  • The equipment will be the same in all the territory, and same criteria will be used with the supervision and indications of the BRGM and IGME.

Deliverables:

  • E1.2.1 - Final report and database of the monitoring network for groundwater.
  • E1.2.2 - Report of the start up of the monitoring network and remote control for groundwaters.
Activity 1.3 Analysis and complementary data collection regarding the exploitation by pumping, the evaluation of the recharge by satellite and the agrometeorological data
  • It will be implemented in Campo de Cartagena and its results will be compared with the experience of BRGM in RECHARGE program.
  • It will help to improve the understanding on the functioning of the groundwaters, as it will improve the estimations from the hydrogeological parameters.
  • The innovative focus consists on the use of satellite and agrometeorological data.

Deliverables:

  • E1.3.1 - Report and databases of the basic hydrogeological study.
  • E1.3.2 - Meteorological report about the evaluation of the aquifer recharge by satellite methods.
Activity 1.4 Groundwater quality and pilot networks for the monitoring of agricultural zones
  • This activity will be focused on the study of the soil characteristics and the groundwater vulnerability in front of agricultural pollution, especially nitrates.
  • The soil functioning in relation to water (runoff, infiltration) will be defined from parcel assays with sensors, agricultural surveys and pedologic knowledge.

Deliverables:

  • E1.4.1 - Comparison between pilot experiences about agricultural practices in the context of water scarcity and quality decrease.
  • E1.4.2 - Report about the monitoring networks in soils and groundwaters in Campo de Cartagena.
  • E1.4.3 - Report with the available data and its interpretation. Assessment of the regulation related with the pollution.
Flecha Work Package 2. Advanced solutions in groundwater management
Activity 2.1 Hydrogeological modeling coupled in the Campo de Cartagena-Mar Menor aquifer
  • Robust hydrogeologic model based on the previous monitoring plan and real-time control networks.
  • Activity leaded by IGME in close collaboration with CRCC.
  • The previous experience, gathered by CUADLL in the pilot zone of Delta del Llobregat will be considered.
  • Analysis and result transfer to other pilot zones of the project (Adour-Garona and Ribatejo, partners BRGM and AR).

Deliverable:

  • E2.1.1 - Report and hydrogeologic model of Campo de Cartagena – Mar Menor.
Activity 2.2 Prediction tools for the groundwater levels
  • The monitoring tools from the activity 1.2 will be used.
  • A model will be created for the past piezometric chronic in order to simulate its evolution in the forthcoming 2-3 months, in order to predict the groundwater levels.
  • Adverse climatic scenarios will be recreated.
  • The simulations will be integrated in an open tool.

Deliverable:

  • E2.2.1 - Final report about the “Groundwater levels prediction: an innovative solution to provide support to the groundwater managing”.
Activity 2.3 Implementation of artificial recharge with surficial waters and/or regeneration waters in the Llobregat aquifer
  • Leaded by CUADLL. Will be implemented in the Llobregat low valley, as a pilot and learning project.
  • The artificial aquifer recharge or aquifer recharge managing is an hydric managing method that allows to introduce water in the subterranean aquifers. An environmental benefit is obtained, and it can be extracted to be used again.
  • The possibility to undertake the recharge with surficial or groundwater will be evaluated.
  • The possibility to transfer new recharge systems in other pilot zones will be evaluated (Campo de Cartagena con CRCC, y Ribatejo).

Deliverables:

  • E2.3.1 - Replicability analysis in other pilot zones within the SUDOE scope.
  • E2.3.2 - Report of the pilot experience of artificial recharge.
Activity 2.4 Development of agricultural systems adapted to the water scarcity and waters with an increasing lower quality
  • Selection of agricultural parcels to be used as models for the development of mitigation systems and water scarcity adaptation, considered in both quantitative and qualitative aspects.
  • A DPSIR (Driving force, Pressure, State, Impact and Response) diagnostic will be done in order to evaluate the status of the “water availability” variable.
  • After the diagnostic, a complete characterization of the water systems and agricultural production will be done in order to identify and justify the existence of water scarcity situations.
  • Development of a mitigation and adaptability plan that is going to include the (re)planification of the watering and agricultural practices according with the maximum water efficiency criteria.

Deliverables:

  • E2.4.1 - Preparation of a good practices guide for the water managing, based in the approved and demonstrated adaptability plans.
  • E2.4.2 - Experimental design of water scarcity adaptation plans.
Activity 2.5 Cost/benefit analysis in socioeconomical and environmental terms for the proposed solutions
  • The hydrological modeling and the piezometric level prediction tools imply water policy measures. The artificial recharge and the innovative agricultural practices will require to know the economic costs.
  • One of the relevant aspects to be analyzed will be the agricultural systems less vulnerable to droughts.
  • Probabilistic techniques such as “Bayesian network systems oriented to objects” will be included in partial and total non-intervention scenarios and predictive analyses for the climate change impacts for the 2050 and 2100 horizons.

Deliverable:

  • E2.5.1 - Report of the OOBN application for the cost/benefit analysis for the implemented innovative solutions.
Flecha Work Package 3. Aquifer integration in general water resource management schemes
Activity 3.1 Establishment of a Decision Support Service for the groundwater managing
  • The water managers require tools allowing them to determine, before the summer period, the authorized water volumes for the supply.
  • A Decision Support Service will be developed for the water managers, allowing them to visualize the exploitable volumes of the different uses according with the different possible climate scenarios.
  • The required simulations will be realized in order to inform the developed service.
  • The managers will be instructed in the use of this tool, that afterwards will be available for them. A workshop will be conducted in France and replicated in Spain and Portugal.

Deliverables:

  • E3.1.1 - Final report: “Prediction of the exploitable volumes: an innovative service for the groundwater managing”.
  • E3.1.2 - Informative workshops in France, Spain and Portugal.
Activity 3.2 Analysis of the limitations and difficulties for the implementation of the combined use of water
  • The combined use of water is a managing instrument that emphasizes the Circular Economy, the integrated management of the resources and its sustainability.
  • Through a SWOT analysis the combined use of water will be considered in the regions in which will be implemented.
  • A general panorama about the integration of the demosites in the general hydro geographical catchment area managing scheme will be elaborated.

Deliverable:

  • E3.2.1 - Report of the SWOT analysis about the limitations and difficulties for the implementation of the combined use of water resources.
Activity 3.3 Elaboration of documents for the comprehension of the hydro geographical cycle in the demosite zones
  • The comprehension of the hydrological cycles is essential for the decision-making process by the authorities. It is also considered as appropriate that the overall society will be enabled to understand the working of the hydrological cycles in their territories.
  • Different hydrogeological cycles will be characterized for each one of the demosite zones. Informative documents will be created using a technical language.

Deliverables:

  • E3.3.1 - Characterization reports for the demosite zones.
  • E3.3.2 - Catalog of technical and simplified sheets about the hydrological cycles of the demosite zones.
Flecha Work Package 4. Analysis and promotion of the application possibilities for the innovative solutions in SUDOE territory
Activity 4.1 Surveys for the identification of innovative practices in the managing of groundwater considering water scarcity scenarios
  • The surveys will aim to identify the innovative technologies or practices for the aquifer managing in the SUDOE territory. The 30 more remarkable cases will be selected.

Deliverables:

  • E4.1.1 - Information of the launching of the online survey.
  • E4.1.2 - E-Books with 30 cases of innovative practices for the aquifer managing in water scarcity scenarios.
  • E4.1.3 - Report of the results of the survey analysis.
Activity 4.2 Creation of a transnational web platform
  • It will be a transnational tool to provide support in the decision-making processes, that is going to showcase the innovative solutions and link the user technology user and provider needs, services and practices.
  • It will be available in French, Spanish and Portuguese.

Deliverable:

  • E4.2.1 - Web platform about the innovative practices regarding the aquifer managing in water scarcity scenarios.
Activity 4.3 Organization of workshops to involve stakeholders in order to contribute to the AQUIFER web platform
  • Online workshops to gather the contribution for the AQUIFER platform by the stakeholders involved in the managing of hydric resources.
  • The actions to be done are the following ones:
    • One workshop in each country.
    • One press release in Spanish, English, French and Portuguese that will be sent to the media of each country and will be available online.
    • Infographics in Spanish, English, French and Portuguese.

Deliverables:

  • E4.3.1 - Report of the workshops for the launching of the web platform.
  • E4.3.2 - Infographics and documentation of the web platform.

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