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  CLIGRO - El impacto del cambio climático en los recursos de agua subterránea > The project

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El impacto del cambio climático en los recursos de agua subterránea.

Un estudio sobre los humedales del Parque Nacional de Doñana que dependen del agua subterránea.

 

Proyecto I+D+I correspondiente al Programa Estatal de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad en el Marco del Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016.

Referencia: CGL2016-77473-C3-1-R

El impacto del cambio climático en los recursos de agua subterránea - CLIGRO

The presented project aims to face the challenge 'Acción sobre el cambio climático y eficiencia en la utilización de recursos y materias primas' defined in the present call 'Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad'.

The starting hypothesis is that groundwater recharge will be subjected to a significant reduction in the near future due to climate change and intensive human activities like agriculture and tourism leading to important social economic but also ecologic hazards for the society. This is especially relevant for regions with elevated water demand in close vicinity to sensitive ecosystems such as the groundwater dependent wetland of the Doñana National Park which is delimited by a belt of intensive agricultural activity and tourism.

El impacto del cambio climático en los recursos de agua subterránea - CLIGRO

Groundwater recharge is a complex process and highly dependent on meteorological, hydrological and geological parameters which are normally not measured and therefore recharge estimations normally rely on rough estimates making impossible a sound and sustainable management of water resources to meet long-term social economic and ecologic demands.

The overall aim is to study the impact of climate change on groundwater resources in wetlands of the Doñana National Park. General objectives to match this aim are the measurement and estimation of groundwater recharge and their dependence on meteorological, hydrogeological and soil parameters using different methods and equipment. Recharge determinations will be based on unsaturated and saturated zone studies using historical data and an existing infrastructure of unsaturated zone monitoring at different plots providing monitored data during 4 hydrological years.

El impacto del cambio climático en los recursos de agua subterránea - CLIGRO

The recharge estimations and their dependence on measured meteorological parameters will be used to generate prognostic recharge time series based on temperature and precipitation data simulated by Climatic Models. The impact of the prognosticated changes of recharge on groundwater resources and selected surface water levels will be studied based on numerical groundwater flow models at different spatio-temporal scales. Additionally, a cost-benefit analysis of measures to minimize environmental impact of a potential decreasing groundwater recharge will be performed.

The internationalization of the monitoring results is another general aim and will be performed by integration of the measured data into the Singular Scientific and Technological Infrastructure of Doñana Biological Station (DBS), the responsible Institute for Research of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) state in Seville. The ICTS is running since 2006 and is a communication infrastructure providing real-time access to the international scientific community to the monitored data
http://icts.ebd.csic.es/

El impacto del cambio climático en los recursos de agua subterránea - CLIGRO

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